How to Survive a Nuclear Attack? – Full Guide, Tricks & More

Nuclear war is one of the most terrible forms of war in the world. Nuclear war involves the use of the atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb, and other fearsome weapons. The latest technology in warfare has even led to more advanced fearsome weapons that could be used for wars.

With recent world events, there has been an imminent threat to using nuclear weapons. This is something to worry about because no one wants to get caught up in a nuclear war. However, if it does happen, there is still a chance you can survive it.

Many people who have experienced a nuclear blast have survived it, the famous Tsutomu Yamaguchi, who lived through the bombings of both Hiroshima and Nagasaki and later died at 93. Therefore, if Yamaguchi can survive those terrible bombings, you can also survive them.

If you can follow some easy steps that can save your life during a nuclear attack. All you have to do is read through this guide to discover life-saving tips to survive a nuclear attack.

How to Survive a Nuclear Attack?

A nuclear blast occurs in six stages. This includes

  1. the flash of light
  2. a wave of heat
  3. nuclear radiation release
  4. a fireball
  5. a blast of air
  6. the radioactive fallout

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This happens within seconds. Experts further divided the blast zone of a nuclear explosion into three areas. This includes

  1. the severe damage zone
  2. the moderate damage zone
  3. the light damage zone.

If you found yourself in severe damage, there is a low chance of surviving. In Hiroshima, the first 1000 meters of the blast radius recorded a death rate of 93 %. People who were a few blocks away from the nuclear blast ended up surviving.

Most of them were at the center of their building. Some were in the basements that could absorb the energy produced by the blast.

This will bring us to the first step of surviving a nuclear attack, which is:

1. Get the Right Shelter

There is a saying, “Get inside and stay inside.” When the American plane arrived at Hiroshima, people were staring at it. They were outside, staring in confusion, and were later killed by the lethal force of the blast. When you are faced with a nuclear attack, the best thing to do is run to the right shelter, especially if there was a warning.

Get in there and stay in there. Head to the center of the building and stay away from windows that could shatter doors that could fly and walls that could cave in due to the blast.

If there is a bunker or a basement, that is the best option. The deeper and lower you are in a building, the better your chances are to save yourself from the blast. Therefore, get inside and stay inside

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2. Fleeing Is Not an Option

When you have gotten the right shelter, do not attempt to flee. This is because you don’t know where it is safe. This is what “stay inside” implies. According to Professor Wellerstein, the creator of Nukemap, he said, “Whatever you do, do not flee.”

Fleeing by Car

Fleeing, especially on foot or by car, can be very dangerous. A car cannot offer any protection during a nuclear blast. If you are fleeing by car, the blast could dazzle you for about 20 minutes because the eyes’ cones and rods will be overloaded. During this time, road accidents and road blockage can occur, leading to injuries and even death in extreme cases.

However, if you are caught up in a car, there is an impending missile en route. There will likely be a warning system. So you should run to the nearest building and sit tight.


Furthermore, not fleeing will also help you to survive the next stages of the blast – the heatwave. The heat energy produced by the blast of a warhead can cause a third-degree burn. Also, the air blast that follows the fireball stage can destroy a building.

You can see the danger you will be putting yourself into if you are fleeing. Whatever that might happen, do not flee; rather, stay tuned. This will prepare you for the next stage of the nuclear blast

3. Avoid the Fallout

Now you have survived all the previous stages of a nuclear attack. The last stage would pose a major threat to health, even if you survived the other stages. According to,

“the nuclear blast will suck up thousands of pounds of dirt and debris, the coat that dirt and debris with the fission products produced during the explosion, and after it stabilizes miles up in the air the heavier particles will come down.”

These heavier particles are all radioactive, and this is what radioactive fallout means. Surviving this stage requires you to avoid exposure to this fallout after the explosion. This is also the reason why fleeing is not an option.

Contact With Radioactive Fallout

However, come in contact with the radioactive fallout. You should try as much as possible to reduce the amount you absorb once you are in a building. This is because these radioactive materials are from the inside, the more you absorb them, the more harm you cause your internal organs.

What to do after you find shelter?

Once you find shelter, it is very pertinent that you

  • remove the outer layer of your contaminated clothing to remove fallout and radiation from your body.
  • Put the clothes in a plastic bag and get them away from you as far as possible.
  • Then, have a shower with soap and water to remove fallout from your hair and skin.
  • Avoid using conditioner in your hair, as this might serve as a glue of the fallout to your hair.
  • In case you have pets, brush your pet’s coat to remove fallout particles and wash them with soap and water.

Moreover, depending on the number of days it took the fallout, you have to shelter in place at home. It is better to consume and drink packaged food items or items inside the building before the fallout.

Sick or injured people should listen for instructions on how and where to get medical attention. This is where “stay tuned” comes in. With the right information, you will know when to exit the building and get your treatments.

If there is also the need to evacuate the environment, you will know if only you stayed tuned

How to Survive a Nuclear Attack?


Most people think that a nuclear attack is an automatic death, but it isn’t. It is survivable. We hope you have seen how you can survive it. In our final thoughts, we recommend that in case there is an impending nuclear attack, remember this – get inside, stay inside and stay tuned. This will help you throughout the attack.

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